I Phonetics (5 points) (湖南师范大学自考招生网http://www.hnsfdxedu.com整理)

Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. A consume   B contain   C confess   D concept
2. A magnet   B digital   C signature   D angry
3. A though   B thorough   C through   D thought
4. A explain   B extent   C exhausted   D expand
5. A needed   B trained   C borrowed   D deserved

II Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)(湖南师范大学自考招生网http://www.hnsfdxedu.com整理)

Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

6. Grandma told the story in a very sad ____ and we were all moved.
A tune   B tongue   C ton   D tone
7. The guide is ____ a line of tourists through the narrow passage with the help of his torch.
A concluding   B containing   C conducting   D conquering
8. With its expensive furniture and carefully ____ color scheme, the room looked quite luxurious.
A choose   B chose   C chosen   D choosing
9. Sorry, but we cannot go to San Diego. Our cousins ____ to see us next Sunday.
A come   B are coming   C have come   D came
10. Anne couldn’t fine a taxi, so I offered ____ her to the station.
A drive   B to drive   C driving   D have driven
11. Perhaps the days will come ____ people will be able to breathe clean air in cities.
A when   B as   C while   D sine
12. ____ when he saw his wife’s face did Tom realize the true meaning of her remark.
A Just   B Never   C Only   D Usually
13. The flyover at the crossing on the 6th ring road is now ____ construction.
A under   B in   C at   D with
14. Time ____, we will arrange for the tourists to visit two or three more remote spots of culture value.
A permits   B permitting   C permitted   D to be permitted
15. To my surprise, ____ turned out that Susan failed in the examination.
A this   B what   C it   D as
16. Jenny is the only one of the grade who ____ selected to school fashion-show team.
A is   B are   C has   D have
17. If I had more time, I would ____ golf as a hobby.
A take in   B take on   C take up   D take over
18. The football match was televised ____ from the Berlin Olympic Stadium.
A live   B alive   C living   D lively
19. The bus is late and Julie is cold. She ____ for the bus for 10 minutes.
A waits   B waited   C has waited   D has been waiting
20. The more fruits and vegetables you eat,  ____ chance of getting cancer you have.
A little   B less   C the less   D the least

III. Close (30 points)(湖南师范大学自考招生网http://www.hnsfdxedu.com整理)

Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.

Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Dr. William C Stokoe, Jr., was the chairman of the English Department at Gallaudet University. He saw the way deaf people communicated and was extremely __21__. He was a hearing person, and signs of the deaf were totally new to him.

Dr. Stokoe decided to propose a study of sign language. Many other teachers were not interested, and though Dr. Stokoe was __22__ to think about studying sign language. Even deaf teachers were not very interested in the project. However, Dr. Stokoe did not give up. __23__, he started the Linguistics Research Program in 1957. Stokoe and his two deaf assistants, worked __24__ this project during the summer and after school. The three __25__ made films of deaf people signing. The deaf people in the film did not understand __26__ the research about and were just trying to be nice to Dr. Stokoe. Many people thought the whole project was silly, but __27__ agreed with Dr. Stokoe in order to please him.

Stokoe and his __28__ studied the films of signing. They __29__ the films and try to see patterns in the signs. The results of the research were __30__: the signs used by all of the signers __31__ certain linguistic rules.

Dr. Stokoe was the first linguist to test American Sign Language __32__ a real language. He published the __33__ in 1960, but not many people paid attention to the study. Dr. Stokoe was still __34__ —he was the only linguist who __35__ that sign language was more than gestures. He knew it was a language of its own and not just another form of English.

21. A ashamed   B bored    C interested    D involved
22. A idealistic   B crazy   C smart   D normal
23. A Otherwise   B Instead    C Additionally   D Afterwards
24. A through   B into   C along   D on
25. A researchers   B designers   C directors   D physicians
26. A what   B why   C that   D which
27. A strongly   B hardly   C willingly   D merely
28. A team   B crowd   C crew   D party
29. A made   B advertised   C released   D analyzed
30. A dissatisfying   B alarming   C surprising   D disappointing
31. A exercised   B followed   C played   D performed
32. A like   B as   C with   D beyond
33. A results   B consequences   C endings   D resolutions
34. A anxious   B afraid   C alert   D alone
35. A wished   B reasoned   C believed   D decided

IV Reading Comprehension (60 points)(湖南师范大学自考招生网http://www.hnsfdxedu.com整理)

Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions.

For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Toronto: A 300-pound adult Siberian tiger escaped from its four-meter high chain-link pen(圈)at the Toronto Zoo yesterday, on one of the busiest days of the year.

Though no one was hurt, the dangerous animal was separated from the public for a time by noting more than a four-foot fence. The escape occurred after one of the animal’s handlers left the pen gate open. It promoted a swift response from officials. Staff were sent immediately to arrest the runaway tiger.

General Manager Calvin White told reporters that staff were preparing for the worst. “ I ordered a tranquilizer(麻醉剂)gun so we would have tranquilized her, but thankfully we didn’t have to”, Mr. White said. The tiger was successfully led back into its cage after the brave escape.

The incident occurred during the Toronto Zoo’s 28th annual Christmas Treats Walk, where admission is free in return for donation of food that does not easily go bad.

Thousands of people attend each Boxing Day to see the animals fed by their handlers.

36. The tiger escape happened_____.
A owning to the lack of food
B due to its separation from the public
C because of the handler’s neglect of duty
D as a result of the damaged chain and fence

37. Who is Calvin White?
A  A managerial staff of the zoo
B  A journalist from National Pos
C  A witness of the incident
D  A zoo animal handler

38. We know from the passage that____.
A the tiger escape lasted a whole day
B the zoo workers panned to shoot the tiger dead
C the tiger wasn’t kept securely enough from the public
D the incident took place on the zoo’s anniversary day

39. The best title for the news report is ____.
A Pen-Animal Prison
B Zoo Tiger-Wandering Free
C Siberian Tiger-Dangerous Animal
D Zoo-Dangerous Site

Passage Two

One day in January, my uncle, my cousin and I decided to go hunting. We left by car in the afternoon. It was a Range Rover with four-wheel drive. It took us three hours to get there. After we arrived at 5:15 p.m., we fixed the tent, then made coffee and had a short rest. After that, we went hunting, using a falcon(猎鹰). We spent two hours without finding anything. On our way back to the camp, my cousin saw a rabbit. I removed the falcon’s bead cover and let go of the aggressive falcon. When the rabbit saw the falcon, it ran fast, but my falcon was a professional hunter. He flew up and came down to trick the rabbit. After two minutes, the rabbit was caught. We took back it to the camp to cook our dinner. We ate the delicious food, drank Arabic coffee, and sat around the fire talking until 10:30 p.m.

We left the camp the next day at 7 o’clock in the morning. We went north. However, around 10:00 a.m. our car got stuck in the sand! We spent about three hours trying to pull out the car without any progress. Finally, we decided to walk. As it was hard for an old man or a young boy to walk more than 40km in the desert, I decided to get help myself. I took a bottle of water with me and started to walk south alone. I knew the way well, but it was a long way in the sand. I walked more than four hours without stopping. When I felt so tired and thirsty, I stopped to rest. I drank all the water and slept for around two hours.

When I got up, it was dark. I continued to walk south. I was worried about my uncle and cousin. Suddenly, I met a Bedouin man who was riding his camel. He took me to his house. When I had had enough rest, I asked him to take me to the road where I found a car. it took me to the city to get help. I had one day to get back to my uncle and cousin. When I got back to them, they were so happy because I had gotten help and they were able to see me again.

40. Which word can best describe the first evening of their hunting trip?
A Disappointed    B Enjoyable    C Comfortable    D Exhausted

41. Why didn’t the three walk back together after the car got stuck in the sand?
A  They didn’t have enough food and water.
B  The writer knew where to get a camel or a car.
C  The writer knew a Bedouin who lived nearby would give help.
D  The long desert walk was too hard for the young and the old.

42. How did the writer finally get out of the desert?
A  He was picked up by a car.
B  A camel took him to the road.
C  A passer-by Bedouin helped him.
D  His uncle and cousin found and rescued him.

43. What can be inferred from the story?
A  It’s an easy job to walk 40km in the desert.
B  The author loved to go hunting with his family.
C  The hunting trip is much longer than expected
D  To hunt in the desert one must train a falcon well.

Passage Three

There’s a professor at the University of Toronto in Canada who has come up with a term to describe the way a lot of North American interact these days. And now a big research study confirms it.

Professor Barry Wellman’s term is “networked individualism”. It’s not the easiest concept to grasp. In fact, the words seem to contradict each other. How can we be individualistic and networked at the same time? You need other people for network.

Here’s what he means. Until the internet and e-mail came along, our social network involved flesh-and-blood relatives, friends, neighbors, and colleagues. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice to voice, person to person in real life.

But the latest study confirms that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the computer has replaced a great deal of social activities and person-to-person interaction. Some people worry that the Internet is turning us into isolated people who shut out other people in favor of a false world on computer screens

To the contrary, the study discovered that the Internet connects us with more real people than expected- helpful people who can give advice on careers, medical problems, raising children, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million Americans told the researchers that the Internet plays an important or crucial role in helping them deal with major life decisions.

So we network individuals are pretty tricky: we’re keeping more to ourselves, while at the same time reaching out to more people, all with just the click of a computer mouse!

44. The term “networked individualism” is used to refer to ________.
A the way that modern people communicate on the Internet
B a social activity popular with North Americans
C the contradiction within network communication
D a newly invented Internet software

45. With the wide use of Internet, some people fear that____.
A people will become isolated
B interpersonal relation will disappear
C people will be controlled by network
D there will be too many social activities

46. According to the latest research, electronic interaction through computer is ______.
A highly rewarding
B a waste of time
C only informative
D an escape from social life

47. Why does the writer say network individuals are tricky?
A  Because they sometimes play tricks on people.
B  Because they refuse person-to-person communication.
C  Because they can stay alone while remaining sociable.
D  Because they feel puzzled when communicating with each other.

Passage Four

“I love you Bob.”  “I love you too, Nancy.” it was 2 a.m., and I was hearing my parents’ voices through the thin wall separating my bedroom from theirs. Their loving words were sweet, touching—and surprising.

My parents married on September 14, 1940, after a brief dating. She was nearly 30 and knew it was time to start a family. The handsome well-educated man who came by the office where she worked looked like a good bet. He was attracted by her figure, her blue eyes. The romance didn’t last long.

Seeds of difference grew almost immediately. She liked to travel; he hated the thought. He loved golf; she did not. He was a Republican, she a loyal Democrat. They fought at the bridge table, at the dinner table, over money, over the perceived shortcomings of their respective in-laws.

There was a hope that they would change once they retired, and the angry winds did calm somewhat, but what remained changed itself into bright, hard bitterness. “I always thought we’d …” my mother would begin, before launching into a precise listing of my father’s faults. The complaints were recited so often, I can repeat them by heart today. as he listened, my father would say angry threats and curses in a low voice.

It wasn’t the happiest marriage, but as their 60th anniversary(纪念日)approached, my sister and I decided to throw a party. Sixty years was a long time, after all; why not try to make the best of things? We’d provide the cakes, the balloons, the toasts, and they’d follow one rule: no fighting.

The agreement was honored. We had a wonderful day. When we thought back, we found it was an important celebration, because soon after, things began to change for my parents.

48. Bob married Nancy because of ______.
A her nice appearance
B her good education
C her romantic nature
D her position as an office girl

49. When the writer told the story, the mother was probably ___ years old.
A 60   B 70   C  80  D 90

50. What do we know about the writer’s parents?
A Their marriage is a total failure.
B They had different hobbies.
C They had serious money problem.
D They stopped quarrelling after they had children.

51. The purpose for the writer to hold the party is____.
A to recall the 60 years’ marriage life of her parents
B to stop the long fighting between her parents
C just to celebrate her parents’ 60th anniversary
D to have a good time for family’s reunion

Passage Five

What can you do to recall your dreams more often and interpret them more clearly? The experts offer these suggestions:

Develop an idea. Before you go to sleep, consciously think about a topic or a person you’d like to dream about. Raise a question that’s troubling you and see how your dream responds to it.

Keep track. Next to your bed, place a pen and some paper, or a tape recorder or a laptop(笔记本电脑) , to record your dreams as soon as you wake up.

Try to wake up naturally, without the help of an alarm clock or barking dog that can interrupt your dream cycle. If your schedule doesn’t allow you to sleep in during the week, begin your dream journey on a weekend or during a vocation.

Wake up slowly. For the first moment after you wake up, lie still and keep your eyes closed, because your dream may be connected to your body position while you slept. Try to recall the dream and then store it in your memory by giving it a name like “Late for an Exam” or “My Dare with Ashley Judd” when you rise, immediately wrote down as many images, feeling and impressions as you can.

Connect the dots. To better interpret your dreams, try to make connection between your recalled dreams and recent events. Do you recognize people from the present or past? Can you detect any themes from the dream? Look for partners over several dreams that might help explain an individual dream.

Change the outcome. If you have nightmares happening again and again that make it different to sleep, try to change the endings. Once you wake up from a bad dream, imagine a change in the action to create more positive outcome. If you are trapped, try to fly. In your dream, you can do what you want!

52. The passage advices you to” wake up slowly” ______.
A because dreaming usually happens not long before you wake up
B because sleeping posture may be related to your dream
C so as not to connect your dreams
D so as not to have a nightmare

53. The underlined word “rise”(Paragraph 6) means”_____”.
A come up
B stand up
C wake up
D get up

54. According to the passage, how can you overcome a nightmare?
A Try to imagine you are a superman.
B Try to create a new ending of the nightmare.
C Try to think about some happy things.
D Try to forget the nightmare.

55. In which column of a magazine or newspaper may the article appear?
A Finance
B Sports
C Health
D Politics

V Daily Conversation (15 points)(湖南师范大学自考招生网http://www.hnsfdxedu.com整理)

Directions: Pick out five appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  A I’m free now                                    B make sure

  C I’m afraid I can’t make it                  D give me your number

  E who’s calling                                    F It’s very kind of you

  G You’re welcome                              H take care

Secretary: Good morning. Dr. Smith’s office.

Wang: Good morning. May I speak to Dr. Smith, please?

Secretary: He’s at a meeting just now. May I ask __56__ please?

Wang: This is Wang Xiaohong. I’m an exchange scholar from China. I’ve just arrived in the U.S., and I’d like to discuss my research plans with Dr. Smith. I had an appointment with him at 2 p.m. this afternoon, but__57__. I’d like to reschedule it.

Secretary: Why don’t you __58__ and I’ll have him get back to you as soon as possible.

Wang: Sure. It’s 965-4778.

Secretary: OK. I’ll __59__ he gets the message.

Wang: Thank you.

Secretary: __60__. Goodbye.

Wang: Goodbye.

VI Writings (254 points)(湖南师范大学自考招生网http://www.hnsfdxedu.com整理)

Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a notice in English in 100~120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.

61. 下个月将有来自60个国家的2000多名青少年来本市参加“Robocup 2007”(2007世界机器人足球赛)。校学生会计划成立一个120人的志愿者(volunteer)团队。请你写一篇征求志愿者的通知。内容包括:



1~5      DBACA     6~10     DCCBB
11~15    ACABC     16~20    ACADC
21~25    CBBDA     26~30    ADADC
31~35    BBADC     36~40    CACBB
41~45    DCCAA     46~50    ACADB
51~55    BBDBC     56~60    ECDBG

61 略